Rothschild Family Timeline
Timeline Description: The Rothschild Family has a lasting history in the banking industry, beginning before the early 19th century. Over the years that followed, the family developed an extensive and successful banking international banking network.

Date Event
1760 Mayer Amschel Rothschild in Frankfurt

In 1760, Mayer Amschel Rothschild established a money lending and trading office in Frankfurt, Germany. Over the coming years, his sons would take his legacy and move with it throughout Europe.
1798 Nathan Mayer Rothschild Moved to London

At 21, Nathan Mayer Rothschild moved to London. He briefly worked as a merchant before setting up a bank in the City of London.
1812 James Rothschild Established Banking in Paris

James Rothschild moved to Paris and established his own branch of the Rothschild bank in the city.
1820 Salomon Rothschild Set Up Bank In Vienna

Salomon Rothschild joined his brothers in the family business, setting up a bank in Vienna. Each of the banks worked cooperatively, but still functioned independently. The family, while quite spread out, was still close.
1820 Carl Rothschild Headed Bank in Naples

Carl headed the Naples, Italy branch of the Rothschild Bank. This was the shortest-lived of the Rothschild banks.
1836 Death of Nathan Rothschild

Nathan Rothschild died in 1836. The Frankfurt branch was taken over by his remaining son and, in the future, the banking legacy became N.M. Rothschild & Sons.
1840 London N.M. Rothschild & Sons Bullion Brokers

In 1840, the London branch of N.M. Rothschild & Sons became an official bullion broker for the British government. This provided significant status for the institution, as well as wealth.
1861 Closure of Naples Bank

Following mid-century political unrest, the Naples branch of N. M. Rothschild & Sons closed. The Naples branch would not re-open.
1887 Interest in Mining and Gems

From 1887 onwards, N.M. Rothschild & Sons took a significant interest in mining and gemstones, financing new ventures and gaining additional wealth.
1901 Closure of Frankfurt Branch

The family line in Germany died out in 1901. Without a Rothschild heir, the original Frankfurt branch of the family bank closed.
1919 Chair for Fixing of Gold Price

N.M. Rothschild & Sons made chair for the new daily fixing of the world gold price. The bank held this seat until 2004.
1938 Vienna Branch and Assets Seized

In 1938, with the Nazi occupation of Austria, the assets of the Austrian branch were seized by Hitler and his government. The family was scattered for the duration of the war.
1960 Development of Rothschild Inc.(1960s)

Beginning in the 1960s, N.M. Rothschild & Sons took a new interest in U.S. ventures, under the name Rothschild, Inc.
1981 Paris Bank Nationalized

The Paris branch of N.M. Rothschild & Sons was nationalized in 1981. The family retained a role in banking in Paris with a private investment firm.
1981 Resurgence of Rothschild Offices(1981 to Present)

Since 1981, the Rothschild family banking empire has continued to diversify internationally, grow and thrive. The bank has sustained itself through financial crises and has shown itself to be a responsible enterprise throughout.