ASVAB Paragraph Comprehension

Read the paragraphs and answer the following questions.

The refrigerator, as we know it, was a long time in the making, with a number of people making various contributions to its development. One of the earliest pioneers in refrigeration was Dr. William Cullen, who, in the 1700s, conducted experiments regarding the evaporation of liquids in a vacuum. Further experiments using evaporation of liquids to cool were conducted by Benjamin Franklin and John Hadley in 1758. Their work proved that the rapid evaporation of certain volatile liquids could lower the temperature of an object below the freezing point of water. In the steamy weather of Apalachicola, Florida, Dr. John Gorrie came to believe that tropical diseases like yellow fever could be cured by cooling the rooms of patients. Gorrie suspended ice in a basin from the ceilings in sick rooms, knowing that cooler air is heavier and would therefore flow downward to the patients.

Cullen, Franklin, Hadley and Gorrie each made their contribution to refrigeration, but the first refrigerator itself is generally attributed to the German engineer Carl von Linde. In 1876, von Linde perfected the means of converting large amounts of liquids-specifically, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, and methyl chloride-- into gases, for keeping an environment cool. Linde's vapor-compression refrigeration system became-and is still-the most widely-used method of cooling.




A: Refrigeration developed in response to the spread of tropical diseases.
B: The modern-day refrigerator went through many years of development before it was perfected.
C: Ammonia is an essential part of a refrigerator's cooling system.
D: Dr. John Gorrie is more significant than anyone else in the history of refrigeration.

A: He converted large amounts of liquids into gases
B: He linked warm temperatures to the spread of disease
C: He developed the modern, rectangular refrigerator that we still use today
D: He suspended ice in basins from the ceilings of rooms

A: Tallahassee, Florida
B: Apalachicola, Florida
C: Tampa, Florida
D: Orlando, Florida

A: Settler
B: Loner
C: Innovator
D: Teacher

A: Thomas Jefferson
B: George Washington
C: Thomas Paine
D: Benjamin Franklin

A: Inefficient and no longer used
B: Convenient but wastes electricity
C: The most widely used refrigeration method
D: Only used in tropical climates

A: 1862
B: 1876
C: 1881
D: 1885

A: Gorrie
B: Hadley
C: Von Linde
D: Cullen

A: John Gorrie's work was important but ultimately proven incorrect.
B: Von Linde's work has proven to be the most valuable.
C: Franklin and Hadley made contributions but had a flawed understanding of how refrigeration works.
D: Ultimately, the most valuable contributions were made by accident.

A: Scotland
B: Ireland
C: Austria
D: Germany








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