Gay-Lussac's Law Formula

Gay-Lussac's Law Formula

Gay-Lussac's Law shows the relationship between the Temperature and Pressure of a gas. At a fixed volume, the temperature and pressure of a gas are directly proportional to each other. Since temperature and pressure have a direct relationship, if the pressure goes up then the temperature goes up and if the temperature goes down then the pressure goes down (and vice versa)

The equation for Gay-Lussac's Law is:

T1 = Initial Temperature (Kelvin - K)

P1 = Initial Pressure (atm or mmHg)

T2 = Final Temperature (Kelvin - K)

P2 = Final Pressure (atm or mmHg)

Note: Temperature must be in Kelvin for the equation to work. You calculate Kelvin temperature by adding 273 to the Celsius temperature.

Gay-Lussac's Law Formula Questions:

1.) A gas has a pressure of 699.0 mm Hg at 40.0 °C. What is the temperature at a pressure of 760.0 mm Hg?

Answer: For this problem the Initial Pressure is P1 = 699.0 mmHg. The Initial Temperature is T1 = 40.0 + 273 = 313K. The Final Pressure is P2 = 760.0 mmHg and the Final Temperature (T2 ) is what you are asked to solve for.

Plug into the Gay-Lussac's Law Equation

T2 = 344.75 K

The temperature increased to 344.75 K.

2.) Determine the pressure change when a constant volume of gas at 1.00 atm is heated from 20.0 °C to 30.0 °C.

Answer: The Initial Pressure is P1 = 1.00 atm. The Initial Temperature is T1 = 20.00 + 273 = 293 K. The Final Temperature is T2 = 30.0 + 273 = 303 K. The Final Pressure (P2) is what we are trying to find in the problem.

Plug into the Gay-Lussac's Law Equation

P2 = 1.03 atm

The pressure of the container increased to would be 1.03 atm.

Related Links:
The Gas Laws I: Boyle's, Charles' & Gay-Lussac's Quiz
Gases: Behavior Quiz
Gases: Pressure Quiz
The Gas Laws II: Combined & Avogadro's Principle Quiz
The Gas Laws III: Ideal Gas Law Quiz
Gases: Gas Stoichiometry Quiz
The Periodic Table: Noble Gases Quiz
Gases and Solutions Quiz
Gases Examples