Sui Dynasty Facts

Sui Dynasty Facts
The Sui Dynasty was a dynasty in Imperial China that only lasted for 37 years beginning in 581 and ending 618AD. The Sui Dynasty began with Yang Jian (Wen Di Emperor) and ended with the death of his son Yang Guang (Yang Di Emperor). The Sui Dynasty is most well-known for unifying the Southern Dynasty and the Northern Dynasty and for re-establishing Han Chinese rule. The Sui Dynasty implemented forced labor to build very large construction projects, which some believe was an attempt to reinstate a large empire, as they had been disappearing for 500 years and the Sui wanted to create a lasting empire. The Sui Dynasty fell when the people rebelled.
Interesting Sui Dynasty Facts:
The Sui Dynasty was able to unite China after a long period of division.
From 581 to 604AD Emperor Wen ruled the Sui Dynasty.
In 581 Emperor Wen (then only a member of the ruling Northern Zhou clan), had approximately 60 relatives killed, establishing him as the emperor. He expanded his army until he had the manpower to expand his control.
Emperor Wen is believed to have sent half a million troops across the Yangtze River in 588, and he conquered the Chen Empire in 589.
Emperor Wen believed in Buddhism and did his best to spread the philosophy throughout his kingdom during his reign.
For several hundred years after Emperor Wen's rule Mahayana Buddhism was popular in many kingdoms.
Emperor Wen oversaw two major construction projects including the Grand Canal and reinforcing and rebuilding the Great Wall.
The conditions under which labourers had to work when building the Grand Canal are believed to have resulted in the deaths of half the workers.
Emperor Wen sent his army to fight wars and create a larger empire but he lost a lot of his soldiers when they contracted tropical diseases in the south and died.
Emperor Wen died in 604. Some believe that it was own son that killed him.
Emperor Yang came into power in 604 following the death (or murder) of his father Emperor Wen.
Emperor Yang continued much of what his father had started but he also like to spend on luxuries for himself.
The Grand Canal was mostly completed under Emperor Yang, which made it easy for him to send large armies to Korea to invade Goguryeo.
Emperor Yang's efforts to invade Goguryeo were in vain and they were defeated in all four major attempts. The cold winters also cost many of Emperor Yang's soldiers their lives.
Emperor Yang's extravagant spending, forced labor, high taxes, and loss of life in the attempted invasions of other kingdoms led to a rebellion. Emperor Yang was also known to be a tyrant, practicing inhuman cruelty. This also led the people to rise up against him in revolts.
In 618 Emperor Yang's own ministers assassinated him, marking the end of the Sui Dynasty.
Following the Sui Dynasty, the Tang Dynasty came into power. It continued to follow many of the beliefs instilled during the Sui Dynasty's reign.

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