Acadia National Park Facts

Acadia National Park Facts
Acadia National Park is located in Knox/Hancock counties in the state of Maine in the United States. It encompasses most of Mount Desert Island, and several smaller islands, with a total of 47,452 acres of land. East of the Mississippi River, Acadia NP was the first National Park to have been established. Originally the park was named Sieur de Monts National Monument in 1916. It changed to Lafayette National Park in 1919, and it was changed again to Acadia National park in 1929 to honor Acadia, the former French colony that had included Maine. Today more than 2.3 million people visit the park each year.
Interesting Acadia National Park Facts:
President Wilson originally established the park as Sieur de Monts National Monument.
The name Lafayette National Park was meant to honor an American Revolution supporter by the name of Marquis de Lafayette. He was French.
The land that makes up the park was largely donated by those who believed in preserving the land in perpetuity.
Cadillac Mountain, located within the park, is not only the highest mountain along the Atlantic Coast but also one of the first places to see the sunrise in the United States each morning. It sits at 1,530 feet.
There are a total of 26 mountains in Acadia National Park.
The deepest lake in the park is Jordan Pond. It is 150 feet deep.
Cadillac Mountain is named after a French explorer
John D. Rockefeller Jr. was responsible for the construction of many of the miles of carriage roads in the park.
There are at least 40 different species of mammals living in the park, including moose, beaver, coyotes and black bears.
There used to be mountain lions and gray wolves in the park but they have since left the area.
The remains of animals that used to live on the island were uncovered during excavations of old Indian sites. They found sea mink, Indian dog, lynx and muskrat remains along with many other species. The sea mink is extinct.
Peregrine Falcons nest in Acadia National Park from mid-March to mid-August. The Precipice Trail is closed during this time to allow the birds to nest as they became an endangered species in the 70s.
20% of the park is classified as wetlands. In each of these wetland areas at least one rare plant grows.
There is a rock formation in the park called Thunder Hole. It creates the sound of thunder when waves roll in and shoot air and water up through the cavern.
There was a fire in 1947 that burned the eastern part of Mount Desert Island.
In addition to Mount Desert Island, there are other islands that make up Acadia NP. They include Sheep Porcupine, Little Moore and Baker Island, among others.
There are mountain ridges in the park that look just like ice cream cones.
There are 120 miles of trails for hiking in the park.
It is possible to see Humpback whales from the park, as well as snapping turtles, cormorants, hawks and various reptiles and amphibians.
Visitors can enjoy the ocean, lakes, mountains, woodlands and wetlands while in Acadia National Park.

Related Links:
US National Landmarks Facts
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US National Landmarks Facts for Kids
Maine Facts
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Maine State