Wilhelm Ostwald Facts

Wilhelm Ostwald Facts
Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald (September 2, 1853 to April 4, 1932) was a Latvian chemist. He received the 1909 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "in recognition of his work on catalysis and for his investigations into the fundamental principles governing chemical equilibria and rates of reaction."
Interesting Wilhelm Ostwald Facts:
Wilhelm Ostwald was born in Riga, Latvia where his father was a master cooper.
In 1872 he entered Dorpat University to study chemistry.
He was awarded a PhD in 1875.
In 1881 he was appointed Professor of Chemistry at the Polytechnicum in Riga.
From 1887 to 1906 he was Professor of Physical Chemistry at Leipzig University.
Three of his students who earned Nobel Prizes in Chemistry were Svante Arrhenius (1903), Jacobus Van't Hoff (1901), and Walther Nernst (1920).
In 1902 he patented the Ostwald process for the manufacture of nitric acid which is used in fertilizer production.
Ostwald was an "Exchange Professor" at Harvard University in 1904-1905.
Ostwald's process along with the nitrogen fixing process invented by Haber and Bosch made possible the large-scale production of fertilizers and explosives.
Ostwald made breakthroughs in dilution theory and Ostwald's rule is named for him.
He first used the word "mole" to define the molecular weight of a substance in mass grams.
Ostwald invented a pipette for measuring viscous materials which was named for him.
The Ostwald-Folin pipette is commonly used in medical laboratories for pipetting blood.
Ostwald was an artist and wrote several articles on color theory.
His writings influenced Paul Klee and Piet Mondrian.
He was interested in an international language and learned Esperanto.
He donated half of the Nobel Prize money to the ido meter.
He was a major supporter of Die Brucke Institute which sought to catalog, systematize and preserve knowledge in a variety of fields.

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