Wilbur And Orville Wright Facts

Wilbur And Orville Wright Facts
The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 to January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 to May 30, 1912), were American inventors and aviation pioneers. They built the world's first successful airplane. On December 17, 1903, they made the first controlled, powered, sustained heavier-than-air human flight.
Interesting Wilbur And Orville Wright Facts:
Wilbur and Orville Wright were born four years apart and were two of the seven children born to Milton and Susan Wright.
Milton Wright traveled as a bishop in the Church of the United Brethren In Christ.
In 1878 the boys were given a little paper and bamboo helicopter that used a rubber band to power the rotor.
They said it launched their interest in flight.
Wilbur finished four years of high school but didn't receive his diploma because in 1884 the family abruptly moved from Richmond, Indiana to Dayton, Ohio.
Soon after an accident resulted in the loss of his front teeth and he became withdrawn and virtually housebound.
In 1889 Orville dropped out of high school to start a printing business with the printing press they had designed and built.
In 1892 they opened a bicycle sales and repair shop.
In 1896 the Wright Cycle Company began manufacturing its own brand of bicycle.
In 1896 several events occurred which fuel their interest in manned flight.
Samuel Langley, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, successfully flew an unmanned fixed wing plane.
Octave Chanute tested gliders on the shore of Lake Michigan.
In May of 1899 Wilbur requested aviation information from the Smithsonian and the brothers began their experimentation with flight.
After reports of several deaths in glider accidents, the Wrights became convinced that pilot control was the key to safe manned flight.
The Wrights observed that birds change the angle of their wings to make their bodies bank right or left.
They experimented with wing-warping using a system of ropes and pulleys controlled by the pilot and in July 1899 tested their new design on a biplane kite.
In 1900 they chose Kitty Hawk, North Carolina for their test site after studying US Weather Bureau data and for its soft sandy areas.
The Wrights based their plane of previous glider designs and made many low-level and unmanned flight to test their modifications.
They built a 6 foot wind tunnel to test modifications and lift coefficients on models.
They made the important discovery that longer, narrower wings gave them better lift.
On October 1, 1901 they designed a movable tail rudder which greatly improved control and eliminated yaw.
On December 17, 1903 they made two successful powered flights in history.

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