Omar Khayyam Facts

Omar Khayyam Facts
Omar Khayyám (May 18, 1048 to December 4, 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. In 1070 he wrote an important treatise on algebra titled, Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra.
Interesting Omar Khayyam Facts:
Omar Khayyam was born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ 'Umar ibn Ibrahim al-Khayyam Nishapuri in Persia where his family were tent makers.
He studied under the Arab scholar, Sheikh Muhammad Mansuri in present day Afghanistan.
He was a student of the great teacher, Imam Mowaffaq Nishapuri.
Khayyam became a famous teacher of algebra and geometry and the court astrologer.
During his lifetime he became famous as a mathematician and his work contributed significantly to the development of non-Euclidean geometry.
His Treatise on Demonstration of the Problems of Algebra derived methods for solving cubic equations and contained the triangular array of binomial coefficients known as Pascal's triangle.
It was this work that was largely responsible for transmitting Arab mathematics to Europe.
He wrote a book entitled Explanations of the difficulties in the postulates in Euclid's Elements, which is considered a first attempt at formulating a non-Euclidean postulate.
Khayyam's was finally improved on in 1680 by Giordano vitale.
Like most Persian mathematicians of the period, Khayyam was also an astronomer.
In 1079 Khayyam was asked to be part of the committee Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I formed to reform the calendar.
His measurements were responsible for the development of the Jalali calendar.
This Persian calendar that contained eight leap years every thirty-three years.
It contained 365.2424 days per year and the modern Iranian calendar is based on these calculations.
He is best known in the west for the poem, the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.
It was translated into English poetry by Edward FitzGerald in the 1860's.
In 1970 a crater on the Moon was named for him.

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