Jean-Baptiste Lamarck Facts

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck Facts
Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (August 1, 1744 to December 18, 1829) was a French naturalist, soldier, biologist, and academic. He was an early proponent of evolution. He gave the term biology a broader meaning by coining the term for special sciences, chemistry, meteorology, geology, and botany-zoology.[2]
Interesting Jean-Baptiste Lamarck Facts:
Lamarck was born in Bazentin, France and was the 11th child of a poor but aristocratic family.
In the 1750's Lamarck entered the Jesuit college in Amiens.
After his father died 1760 Lamarck joined the French army where he showed courage on the battlefield in the Pomeranian War.
In 1778 he published his work entitled Flore francoise, which gained him a reputation as a scientist.
In 1779 he was admitted to the French Academy of Sciences and in 1781 became a Royal Botanist.
In 1788 he received a position Intendant of the Royal Garden and keeper of the herbarium.
In 1790 during the French Revolution, he changed the name of the gardens from Jardin du Roi (King's Garden) to Jardin des Plantes (Plant Garden).
In 1793 he became curator and professor of invertebrate zoology at the Museum of Natural History
May 11, 1800 he presented his ideas on evolution to the Museum national d'histoire naturelle.
On 1801 he published his new classification of invertebrates in which he separated the old class,vermes, into echinoderms, arachnids, crustaceans and annelids.
He was the first to realize that arachnids were separate from insects.
He stressed that the environment causes changes in an organism.
He introduced the idea that environment could cause changes in the offspring
On 1802 he was the first to use the term biology as it is understood today.
He named a large number of species and a several plants and animals have been named for him.
He gradually became blind and died in Paris in 1829.

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