Ibn Rushd Facts

Ibn Rushd Facts
Abū l-Walīd Muḥammad Ibn 'Aḥmad Ibn Rušd (April 14, 1126 to December 10, 1198) was a Berber Andalusian polymath. He wrote on logic, Aristotelian and Islamic philosophy, theology, the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence, psychology, Andalusian classical music theory, geography, mathematics, medicine, astronomy, physics, and celestial mechanics.
Interesting Ibn Rushd Facts:
He was born in Cordoba and was known throughout his life by his Latinized name of Averroes.
His family had a long history of public service and his father and grandfather were judges.
He received a traditional education in linguistics, law and theology and later took up the study of medicine.
Beginning in 1157 he was a prolific writer and he wrote over 20,000 pages covering many topics including Islamic philosophy, logic in Islamic philosophy, Islamic medicine, astronomy, Arabic grammar and Sharia law.
He wrote commentaries on Aristotle's works and on The Republic by the Greek philosopher, Plato.
His writings on Aristotle were important to the restoration of Aristotle's influence in the 12th and 13th centuries.
He wrote a medical encyclopedia and three books on physics.
He defined and measured force as "the rate at which work is done in changing the kinetic condition of a material body".
He was the first to develop the idea that bodies have an inherent resistance to motion which Johannes Kepler would later label "inertia".
Averroes tried to reconcile Aristotelian thought with religion and insisted that there is no conflict.
He was a highly respected legal scholar and in 1160 he served as a judge in Seville, Cordoba and Morocco.
He fell out of favor with the Fuqaha and in 1195 he was banished and his writings were burned.
He was allowed to return to Marrakesh in 1197 shortly before his death.

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