Henry Cavendish Facts

Henry Cavendish Facts
Henry Cavendish FRS (10 October 1731 to 24 February 1810) was a British philosopher, scientist, chemist, and physicist. Cavendish is noted for his discovery of hydrogen or what he called "inflammable air."
Interesting Henry Cavendish Facts:
Henry Cavendish was born in Nice to a noble British family.
On 24 November 1748, he entered St Peter's College, University of Cambridge, but left three years later.
His father, Lord Charles Cavendish, was a member of the Royal Society of London and he took Henry to meetings and dinners where he met other scientists.
In 1765 Henry Cavendish was elected to the Council of the Royal Society of London.
He was appointed to head the committee to assess the meteorological instruments of both the Royal Society and the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
Cavendish's major contributions to chemistry were made in experiments with creating gases.
He mixed metals with strong acids and created hydrogen, he combined metals with strong bases and created carbon dioxide and he captured the gases in a bottle inverted over water.
He measured gases solubility in water, their combustibility and their specific gravity and his 1766 paper, "Factitous Airs," earned him the Royal Society's Copley Medal.
In 1783 he published a paper describing his invention-the eudiometer-for determining the suitability of gases for breathing.
In 1773 Cavendish joined his father as a trustee of the British Museum.
In 1785 he accurately described the elemental composition of atmospheric air but was left with an unidentified 1/120 part.
This physicists William Ramsey and Lord Rayleigh identified Cavendish's gaseous residue as argon 1890's.
In 1798 he published the results of his experiments to measure the density of the Earth and remarkably, his findings were within 1% of the currently accepted number.
Cavendish did many experiments with electricity but his findings were not published until 1879 and many other researchers had already been credited with his results.

Related Links:
Scientists Facts
Animals Facts