Gerty Theresa Cori Facts

Gerty Theresa Cori Facts
Gerty Theresa Cori (August 15, 1896 to October 26, 1957) was an American biochemist who became the third woman-and first American woman-to win a Nobel Prize in science, and the first woman to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Interesting Gerty Theresa Cori Facts:
Cori was born Gerty Theresa Radnitz in Prague in 1896.
Her father, Otto Radnitz was a chemist who invented a method for refining sugar.
Her uncle was a pediatrician who encouraged her interest in medicine and in 1914 she passed the entrance exam and was admitted to Karl Ferdinands Universitat in Prague.
She and her future husband, Carl Ferdinand Cori both graduated from medical school in 1920.
Because increasing anti-Semitism in Europe, the couple emigrated to the United States in 1922 and became citizens in 1928.
While working together at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, they discovered the mechanism by which glycogen is broken down into lactic acid in the muscles and stored as a source of energy, a physiological process now known as the Cori cycle.
They also identified the catalyzing compound known as the Cori ester and proved that it is the beginning step in the conversion of glycogen into glucose.
In 1943 she became an associate professor of Research Biological Chemistry at Washington University School of Medicine where he husband was a researcher.
In 1943 she was made a full professor.
In 1947 the Coris shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine with Bernardo Houssay for their work in carbohydrate metabolism.
Their work clarifying the mechanisms of carbohydrate metabolism was critical to the development of treatments for diabetes.
In 1953 she was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
In 2004 they both received recognition as a National Historic Chemical Landmark for their work.
Among her honors a craters on the Moon and on Venus are named for her.

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