George Beadle Facts

George Beadle Facts
George Wells Beadle (October 22, 1903 - June 9, 1989) was an American scientist in the field of genetics. In 1958 he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Edward Lawrie Tatum for discovering the role of genes in cellular biochemistry.
Interesting George Beadle Facts:
George Wells Beadle was born on a farm in Wahoo, Nebraska.
After graduating from Wahoo High School he attended the University of Nebraska where he received a B.S degree in 1926 and a M.S. in 1927.
He accepted a teaching assistantship at Cornell University where he received his PhD in 1931.
In 1931 he was awarded a National Research Council Fellowship at the California Institute of Technology at Pasedena where he continued his work on the genetics of Indian corn and the genetics of the fruit fly.
In 1935 he was sent to the Institut de Biologie physicochimique in Paris where he studied the development of eye pigment in the fruit fly.
Beadle and Edward Lawrie Tatum shared the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their experiments exposing the bread mold Neurospora crassa to X-rays and noting the mutations.
They demonstrated that these mutations caused changes in specific metabolic enzymes.
In 1936 Beadle became Assistant Professor of Genetics at Harvard and in 1937 he was appointed Professor of Biology at Stanford University.
In 1946 he returned to CalTech as Professor of Biiology and Chairman of the Division of Biology.
In January 1961 he was elected Chancellor of the University of Chicago and later, its President.
He received many honors during his career including Honorary Doctor of Science at Yale (1947) , Nebraska (1949) , Northwestern (1952) Rutgers (1954) among others.
He was also elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1946 and was awarded the National Award of the American Cancer Society in 1959.

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