Ernst Mach Facts

Ernst Mach Facts
Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach (Februrary 18, 1838 to Februrary 19, 1916) was an Austrian physicist and philosopher.
Interesting Ernst Mach Facts:
Mach was born in Brno-Chrlice, Moravia which is now located in the 'czech Republic.
He was home schooled until the age of 14 when he entered a gymnasium.
In 1853, at the age of 17 he entered the University of Vienna.
In 1860 he received a PhD in physics and became a professor of physics and mechanics in Vienna.
His interest turned to psychology and the physiology of sensation.
During the 1860's he discovered the physiological phenomenon known as Mach's bands, the bright or dark bands seen by the human eye at the boundary of sharply differing areas of light.
In 1864 he became a Professor of Mathematics in Graz.
In 1866 he was appointed Professor of Physics.
In 1867 he left Graz to become a professor of experimental physics at his father's alma mater, Charles University in Prague.
During his 28 year tenure there he conducted studies on kinesthetic sensation and optical and photographic techniques for the measurement of sound waves.
His primary contribution to physics was in the description and photography of shock waves.
He also made many contributions to the science of physiology, especially his discovery of a function of the inner ear that functions not in sound but in balance.
Mach believed that all knowledge is derived from sensation, leading to the position that no statement in natural science is admissible unless it is empirically verifiable.
Mach's theories of inertia were cited by Albert Einstein as important to his own work on relativity.
In 1901 he retired from the University and was appointed to the Austrian parliament.

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