Ernst Ising Facts

Ernst Ising Facts
Ernst Ising (May 10, 1900 to May 11, 1998) was a German physicist known for his development of the Ising model.
Interesting Ernst Ising Facts:
Ising was born in Cologne in 1900 to Thekla Ising and a merchant name Gustav Ising.
In 1902 the family moved to Bochum where he started school in 1907.
After completed Gymnasium in 1918, he went for compulsory military training but the war was over before he could be sent on a mission.
Beginning in 1919 he studied mathematics and physics at the University of Gottingen.
While studying at the University of Hamburg he met Wilhelm Lenz who encouraged him to study theoretical physics.
In 1922 he began his studies of ferromagnetism which resulted in his dissertation which was accepted by the faculty of mathematics and natural sciences in 1924 which awarded him a PhD.
His thesis studied the problem of magnetic moments and phase transitions between ferromagnetic and paramagnetic states.
His model has great scientific significance in diverse fields including the study of neural networks, protein folding, and biological membranes.
Ising spent several years as a teacher but when Hitler came to power in 1933, Jews were barred from teaching.
In 1934 he found a position at a Jewish school in Caputh located near the summer home of Alfred Einstein.
In 1938 the school was destroyed by the Nazis and he and his wife, Johanna fled to Luxembourg where they were forced to work menial jobs to survive.
In 1947 they were able to emigrate to the U.S. where he became a Professor of Physics at Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois.

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