Emile Berliner Facts

Emile Berliner Facts
Emile Berliner (May 20, 1851 to August 3, 1929) was an American inventor and his most famous invention was the disc gramophone.
Interesting Emile Berliner Facts:
He was born in Hanover, Germany to a Jewish merchant family.
He completed an apprenticeship to a merchant and worked as an accountant for the money.
In 1970 he immigrated to the U.S with a friend of his father's.
He worked at odd jobs while studying physics at Cooper Union Institute at night.
Berliner became interested in audio technology and invented an improved telephone transmitter which he patented.
His other inventions include an early radial aircraft engine in 1908, a helicopter in 1919 and acoustical tiles in the 1920s.
In 1881 he became a U.S, citizen.
In 1886 he began experimenting with sound recording and in 1887 was awarded his first patent for his device, the gramophone.
His other inventions include a new type of industrial loom, and a helicopter.
It was his interest in helicopters that led him to develop several models of light-weight rotary engines and in 1910 he experimented with a vertically mounted tail rotor that successfully counteracted the torque of the main engine and made helicopters practical.
On July 16, 1922 Berliner and his son and partner Henry Berliner demonstrated a working model of the helicopter.
Berliner was awarded nine U.S patents for his inventions which included telephone induction coils, microphones, and horizontal recording devices.
His awards include the John Scott Medal in 1897, the Elliot Cresson Medal in 1913 and Franklin Medal in 1929.
Berliner was also an advocate for improved public health and sanitation.
His writings included The Milk Question and Mortality Among Children Here and in Germany: an Observation written in 1904, and Some Neglected Essentials in the Fight against Consumption written in 1907.
These were published by the Society for the Prevention of Sickness.

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