# Descartes Facts

Descartes Facts
 RenĂ© Descartes (March 31, 1596 - February 11, 1650) was a seventeenth century philosopher, mathematician, and writer. Despite his French origin, he spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic. Known as the "father of modern philosophy," much of the understanding of Western philosophy is based on his writings.
Interesting Descartes Facts:
Descartes may be most widely and well known for his statement, "Cogito ergo sum, better known by the English translation, "I think, therefore I am."
Descartes has been bestowed with a moniker "father of analytical geometry," for his work that draws parallels between algebra and geometry. This connection between the fields is important in calculus.
This system is used for graphing and plotting by assigning a reference point based on a set of numbers, from which algebraic equations can be represented as shapes by connecting the coordinates.
At the same time, Descartes' work is still taught in most mathematics departments, especially his Cartesian coordinate system.
Descartes' most famous writing may continue to be his Meditations on First Philosophy, which is still often required reading in philosophy courses at most universities.
In 1633, Descartes decided not to publish one of his works, Treatise on the World, following the decision by the Catholic Church to condemn Galileo for heresy.
His philosophy was opposed by the empiricist school of thought, which was founded on the work of Hobbes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume.
Both Descartes and Leibniz made crucial contributions to science as well as mathematics.
Descartes' work formed the basis for 17th-century rationalism, which was later supported by Baruch Spinoza and Gottfried Leibniz, as all three were highly educated in the different areas of mathematics.
This experience led him to believe that understanding science would be the source of true wisdom and the major purpose for his life's work.
These visions led Descartes to formulate a new philosophy on analytical geometry, specifically the concept that mathematics could be applied to philosophy.
According to accounts, Descartes had a "vision" while locked in an oven room; in that time, he had several visions and therefore believed they were divinely inspired.
While studying engineering with the express intent of becoming a military engineer, Descartes was required and encouraged to study as much as he could in the various fields of mathematics.
With Descartes' early desire to become a career military officer following earning his law degree, he enlisted in the Army of Breda in the Dutch Republic, under the command of Maurice of Nassau.

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