Grape Facts

Grape Facts
Grape is one of the most popular types of fruit. It belongs to the family Vitaceae. Grapes originate from Georgia (Near East). There are 60 species and around 8000 varieties of grapes that can be found throughout the world today. Cultivation of grapes started 8000 years ago. Grapes are important part of human diet. This fruit has high nutritional value and numerous beneficial effects on the human health. Besides in human diet, grapes are used in cosmetic industry and in the medical purposes.
Interesting Grape Facts:
Grape develops on the vine that can reach length of 50 feet. One vine usually produces 40 clusters of grape.
Leaves are large, green and partially lobed. They have toothed edges.
Grapevine develops snake-like tendrils. They support growth of the plant by binding for the nearby objects and structures.
Grapevine produces small, green flowers that are arranged in clusters. Flowers contain both male (stamen) and female (pistil) reproductive organs and they are able for self-pollination.
Botanically speaking, fruit belongs to the group of berries. Fruit grows in pyramid-shaped clusters. One cluster contains 75 berries on average. They can be rounded, egg-shaped or elongated. Berries of most types of grapes contain seed. Seedless varieties of grapes are used in the manufacture of raisins.
Color of the berries depends on the variety. Best known varieties of grapes are yellow, green, red or dark purple in color.
Production of grape is extremely large, well developed and popular business worldwide. Around 25 million acres of land on the planet are covered with vineyards. 72 million tons of grapes are produced each year. 71% of produced grapes are used in the manufacture of wines, 27% are sold as fresh fruit and 2% are turned into raisins.
It takes 2.5 pounds of grape for the production of one bottle of vine.
Hieroglyphs from the Egyptian tombs suggest that ancient Egyptians were familiar with the production of wine.
Grapes contain 80% of water and high percent of dietary fibers. It is rich source of vitamins C and K and vitamins of the B group. Grapes are also excellent source of calcium, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium.
Grapes can be consumed raw, in the form of sweet and salty salads and juices. Grapes can be cooked and used for the production of various desserts. Dried grapes (better known as raisins) are especially popular during winter, when fresh fruit is not available.
Grapes are used in treatment of asthma, cardiac diseases (grapes can prevent heart attack), constipation, headache, renal diseases and fatigue.
Latest scientific studies suggest that juice extracted from the purple-colored type of grape known as Concord, can prevent development of breast cancer.
Grape seeds contain oils which are used in the cosmetic industry for the manufacture of skin-care products.
Grapevine is perennial plant that can survive and produce fruit for centuries.

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