Apple Facts

Apple Facts
Apple tree belongs to the family Rosaceae (family of roses). There are over 7500 varieties of apples that can be found worldwide. Apples originate from central Asia. They are part of human diet for thousands of years. This fruit is a symbol of temptation and immorality in Christianity (forbidden fruit that Adam ate). Apples are also a symbol of beauty, love, health and fertility. Besides high nutritional value, apples are beneficial for health. Recent medical studies suggest that apples may prevent development of certain types of cancer.
Interesting Apple Facts:
Cultivated types of apples usually grow 6 to 15 feet in height. Wild apples can reach the height of 30 feet.
Apples have dark green, oval leaves that are alternately arranged on the branches.
4 to 6 individual flowers form inflorescence. Each flower consists of 5 petals that are pinkish-white in color. Pink color fades during the time. Apple usually blossom in spring.
Honey bees pollinate majority of cultivated apples. Bumblebees and orchard mason bee are less numerous (compared to honey bees) but equally important pollinators of apples.
Size, color and taste of the fruit of the apple tree depend on the variety. Miniature apples are often used in the production of juices and cider. Larger apples are used in human diet. The best known varieties of apples are red, yellow, green and brown in color.
Apple tree starts production of the fruit 4 to 5 years after planting. Average tree produces 88 to 440 pounds of apples each year.
Best known varieties of apples are Granny Smith, Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Gala and McIntosh.
69 millions of tons of apples are produced each year. China is the greatest producer of apples in the world.
2500 varieties of apples are grown in the USA. Only one of these varieties (known as crabapple) is native to America.
Apples can be consumed raw or in the form of juices and different kind of desserts (apple pies, caramelized apples, apple cakes…).
Apple of average size contains only 80 calories and ¼ of recommended daily dose of fibers. Other than that, apples are rich source of vitamins and minerals.
Apple seeds contain low doses of toxin called cyanide. Luckily, accidental ingestion of few seeds does not induce negative effects. One cup of seeds results in toxicity that may end up fatally.
Apples contain proteins that may trigger allergic reaction in sensitive persons. There are two types of allergies that exhibit different symptoms and require different treatments.
Apple contains 57 000 genes which is almost two times more compared to the number of genes in human. Alteration of individual genes may result in creation of better and pest-resistant varieties of apples.
Apple tree can reach the age of 100 years.

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