Shanghai Facts

Shanghai Facts
Shanghai is the most populated city in China, as well as the most populated city in the world. Shanghai's area was once the property of the Kingdom of Wu, and was once only a fishing village called Hudu. In 1074 it became a market town, and the area's coastline was stabilized in 1172 to protect it from the ocean. From 1292 until 1927 Shanghai was a county under the administration of Songjiang Prefecture. The Opium wars in the 1800s brought much western influence into the city, and in the first half of the 20th century many foreigners made Shanghai their home. The population of Shanghai has grown to more than 24.15 million today.
Interesting Shanghai Facts:
In 1927 Shanghai became a municipality.
The name Shanghai is derived from Chinese words meaning 'above', and 'sea'. This references the fact that the city is located where two rivers converge and the city's position, which was at one time (during the Tang Dynasty) believed to be literally on the sea.
The estimated number of expats that have moved to Shanghai is 174,000. Their life expectancy is 82.47 years.
During World War II many Jewish people fleeing the Nazis found refuge in Shanghai. Even after the Japanese invaded Shanghai and took control in 1937, the refugees were welcome. When the Nazis requested, repeatedly, that the Japanese military hand over the refugees, despite being allies, the Japanese refused.
Shanghai's metro system is the longest in the world, made up of 548 kilometers of track.
The tallest building in Shanghai is Shanghai Tower. It is the tallest skyscraper in China at 632 meters in height.
Shanghai has the 4th highest number of skyscrapers in the world, at 124. Hong Kong has 303 skyscrapers. New York has 237 skyscrapers, and Dubai has 144.
The largest Disney Store in the world is located in Shanghai, at 54,000 square feet.
Shanghai is 2,448.1 square miles in size, with a population of more than 24.15 million.
The climate in Shanghai is considered to be humid, subtropical. It has four distinct seasons, including chilly, but almost snow-free winters.
Shanghai has more than 30 post-secondary institutions, including Fudan University, Tongji University, and Shanghai Jiao Tong University, which are considered to be some of China's most prestigious schools.
Shanghai, like many of the largest cities in the world, has an extensive public transport system made up of buses, subways, light railways, and taxis.
There were 157 public parks in Shanghai by 2012, with green space to break up the concrete jungle atmosphere.
Smog has become a major concern in Shanghai, reaching 31 times the international acceptable standard in 2013. This resulted in pulling one third of all government vehicles off the roads in Shanghai. Outdoor education and activities were suspended in the schools as well.
There are several notable museums in Shanghai including the China Art Museum, Shanghai Museum, Shanghai Natural History Museum, and Power Station of Art.
The Shanghai Marriage Market is a weekly market where parents can go to trade information about their children in hopes of finding them a suitable partner. It is held on Saturdays and Sundays at People's Park.

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