San Francisco Facts

San Francisco Facts
San Francisco is a city in the state of California, in the United States, most well-known for its famous Golden Gate Bridge, steep streets, cable cars, and for the former island prison Alcatraz. San Francisco encompasses an area of approximately 46.9 square miles bordering on California's west coast. The region was inhabited by the Ohlone people when the first European exploration party arrived in November 1769, led by the Spanish explorer Don Gaspar de Portola. In 1776 the Spanish established a mission. In 1821 Mexico took over the area. At the end of the Mexican-American War San Francisco became part of the United States. The California Gold Rush led to a dramatic increase in population, and it has continued to grow despite the devastating 1906 earthquake that almost wiped the city out.
Interesting San Francisco Facts:
Early human archaeological evidence in the San Francisco area dates back to 3000 BC.
San Francisco was originally named Yerba Buena. Yerba Buena is the name of a plant found in the area.
San Francisco got its name in 1847, after having been claimed by Captain John Montgomery in July, 1846.
The California Gold Rush brought many people to San Francisco's region in the mid-1800s.
By 1849 the population of San Francisco, thanks to the gold rush, had increased from only 1,000 in 1848 to more than 25,000 people.
In its early years San Francisco was wild and fairly lawless due to the gold rush.
Golden Gate Park was planned in 1887, with roughly 1000 acres of land.
In 1906 the San Andreas Fault caused a devastating earthquake that killed approximately 3000 people in San Francisco. More than 25,000 buildings were destroyed and a quarter million people lost their homes. Fires raged for four days. San Francisco began to rebuild immediately.
It soon became a financial capital and when the stock market crashed in 1929 none of San Francisco's banks failed.
The Golden Gate Bridge and the San Francisco Bridge were built in the 1930s.
Another major earthquake hit San Francisco in 1989, killing 67 people and damaging buildings and infrastructure.
In the 1990s San Francisco became an internet technology center, which resulted in major increases in property values.
San Francisco is well-known for its streets with very steep hills. Filbert St. has the steepest of all of San Francisco's streets at 31.5 degrees.
There are several neighborhoods in San Francisco built on landfills including Hunter's Point, Marina, and Mission Bay.
A law passed in 1867 in San Francisco made it illegal for people considered to be 'ugly' to show their faces in public. This law has since been repealed (struck down).
San Francisco's cable cars are considered to be a National Historical Monument. They are the only monument capable of moving.
Fortune cookies were invented by a San Francisco Japanese resident.
Alcatraz and Treasure Island are both considered to be part of San Francisco.
San Francisco's tallest building is the Transamerica Pyramid.
The climate in San Francisco is a Mediterranean climate, with dry summers and mild but moist winters.
San Francisco is a popular tourist destination, and one in seven people in the city work in tourism.

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