Organic Chemistry Facts

Organic Chemistry Facts
Organic chemistry is a subdivision of chemistry that studies organic compounds and materials, or those compounds that contain carbon. This includes the structure through various forms of spectroscopy, the properties—both physical and chemical—in order to understand the forms compounds can take on, and the reactive behaviors in the laboratory and in practical applications.
Interesting Organic Chemistry Facts:
Up through the 1800s, common belief held that living things contained a "life force" that made them different from non-living things.
This was known as vitalism, or vital force theory.
Systematic research at the time began to include studies of organic compounds.
Michael Chevreul first published studies using fat-based and alkali-based soaps in 1816.
By breaking down the soaps into component parts, he was able to demonstrate that chemicals produced a measurable change in the organic fats.
In 1828, Friedrich Wohler created carbamide, an organic compound, from an inorganic compound through the approach known as Wohler synthesis.
One of the chief turning points with practical applications came in 1856 when William Henry Perkin created an organic dye; it proved lucrative due to commercial uses, but also sparked a greater focus on organic chemistry.
When Friedrich August Kekulé and Archibald Scott Couper separately developed the concept of chemical structure in 1858, researchers of the day finally had a model with which to understand organic chemistry.
Both of them independently of each other theorized that carbon atoms could form a lattice and that the various patterns could be produced by different chemical reactions.
While much of the practical applications of organic chemistry research were often misunderstood and purely accidental, a blossoming pharmaceutical industry was launched from the better understanding of organic compounds.
One of these innovations to have the first tremendous impact was aspirin.
The twentieth century saw the scientific understanding of polymers and enzymes, which led to the controversial and crucial understanding the petroleum was a biological byproduct of life.
The connection between chemical compounds and biological structures was studied in more depth, leading to the knowledge that biological organisms are complex carbon compounds.
Many various techniques had to be developed in order to evaluate the naturally occurring mixture form of many carbon-based organic compounds.
These compounds were often described using different chemical tests called "wet methods."
When various types of spectroscopy were developed, wet methods were no longer considered as reliable as they once were.
Now, nuclear magnetic resonance is one of the most commonly used ways to determine carbon compound results as hydrogen and carbon both exist in a natural state with the isotopes that respond to NMR indicators.

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