Socrates Facts

Socrates Facts
Socrates was a classical Greek philosopher, born in 470/469 BC, considered to be one of the Western philosophy founders. Most of what is known about Socrates is only from information recorded by his students, including Xenophon and Plato, and through plays written by Aristophanes. The info from these sources is not believed to be completely accurate as the works had other purposes than recording Socrates' life story. Socrates was born in Athens, to Phaenarete, a midwife, and Sophroniscus, a stone mason. Many believe that Socrates worked as a stone mason like his father, before making the decision to devote his life and work to philosophy. Socrates' philosophy is believed to have paved the way for Western philosophies and logics.
Interesting Socrates Facts:
Socrates was not born into nobility and received only a basic Greek education, learning his father's stone masonry skills while still quite young.
Socrates was known to make money as a teacher to help make a living. Plato however wrote that Socrates did not make money from his teaching.
Socrates married Xanthippe and had three children together including Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus.
Socrates had to serve in the military during the Peloponnesian War.
Socrates was a short man with a snub nose and bulging eyes, according to Plato. He did not have the appearance of an Athenian Greek god.
Socrates believed that the mind was more important than physical beauty.
Socrates believed that a person had to truly know themselves in order to be capable of wisdom.
Socrates did not believe in a Theological doctrine but instead believed ethics were key.
Socrates traveled across Athens to gain insight from common man and from elite members of society to help him understand ethics and politics more deeply and thoroughly.
Socrates wasn't focused on questions of the universe - he was focused on ethical questions such as what friendship truly was.
Socrates questioned whether gods really existed. This was one of the reasons he grew to have enemies who believed he was trying to convert the young people of Athens away from religion.
Socrates loved to debate but he often played ignorant to gain a better idea of what others were thinking.
Socrates went on to be put on trial for his radical thoughts on philosophy. Those who opposed him felt that he was a threat to society and the current state they lived in.
Socrates was found guilty at trial. The votes were 280 against him and 221 in his favor.
Socrates was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning. His friends offered to bribe the guards so that Socrates could fell but he chose not to run. He believed that running would mean he was afraid of death, which would mean he could not be a true philosopher.
Socrates said that his soul was released from his body in the last few moments before his death from the hemlock poison.
Socrates is famous for the phrase "what I do not know I do not think I know". This means "I know that I know nothing".

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