Montesquieu Facts

Montesquieu Facts
Montesquieu was a French judge and philosopher who became well-known for influencing the constitutions of many countries around the world. He was born Charles Louis de Secondat on January 18, 1689, in Bordeaux, France, to Jacques de Secondat and Marie Francoise de Pesnel. His mother was an heiress and brought the Barony title to her family. Montesquieu attended college and became a lawyer in his local government. When his uncle died, who had been his caregiver since his parents died, he inherited the title of Baron de Montesquieu.
Interesting Montesquieu Facts:
In 1721 Montesquieu became famous when he wrote the Persian Letters. These letters criticized the church, as well as the wealthy French lifestyles and liberties.
Montesquieu published a book titled On the Spirit of Laws, which outlined his beliefs on how government should work. It became his most famous work.
Montesquieu studied laws scientifically to try to learn how to improve life and reduce societal problems.
Montesquieu believed that the people should elect a government if it was to be the best form of governance.
Montesquieu believed that a democracy could only be successful if there was a balance of power.
Montesquieu believed that slavery was acceptable and that women were not equal and should obey their husbands. He did however believe that women should be able to govern because of their gentleness and calmness.
He traveled for several years and became a freemason while living in England for 18 months.
Montesquieu died in 1755 from a high fever and was buried in Paris.

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