Jacques Cousteau Facts

Jacques Cousteau Facts
Jacques Cousteau was a French explorer, officer, scientist, and filmmaker most well-known for inventing the Aqua-Lung - a device used for scuba-diving. He was born Jacques-Yves Cousteau on June 11, 1910, in Saint Andre de Cubzac, France, to Daniel and Elisabeth Cousteau. Jacques attended the College Stanislas in Paris and then entered the Ecole Navale, graduating as a gunnery officer. His career in naval aviation ended after a car accident that broke both his arms and he then became interested in the sea. Jacques began working on underwater experiments. He married in 1937 and had 2 sons.
Interesting Jacques Cousteau Facts:
Jacques Cousteau was the youngest of two boys born to Daniel and Elisabeth Cousteau. His older brother was Pierre-Antoine.
As a child Jacques suffered from stomach problems as well as anemia.
Jacques learned to swim at the age of four, and developed a life-long interest in water from then on.
As a child Jacques became fascinated with mechanical items and even took a movie camera apart to learn how it operated.
Jacques was not a great student and was sent to boarding school when he was 13.
While working in the French Navy information service after graduating as a gunnery officer, Jacques began shooting film while in the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean.
Following his near-deadly car accident in 1933, Jacques began swimming in the Mediterranean Sea as part of his rehabilitation.
Phillippe Tailliez, a friend of Jacques, gave him goggles to allow him to see underwater. This inspired Jacques to explore the world under water.
In 1940 Jacques and his wife took refuge in Megreve when Paris was taken over by the Nazis. Jacques continued his sea exploration and in 1943 met a French engineer who he experimented with scuba diving apparatus.
Jacques and Emile Gagnan worked together and developed the first device that enabled divers to remain underwater for long periods - called the aqua-lung.
Jacques Cousteau also helped to create a waterproof camera that would be able to handle the high pressure of being submerged in very deep water.
Jacques Cousteau made two early documentaries about underwater exploration, titled 18 Meters Deep, and Shipwrecks.
Jacques Cousteau was awarded the Legion of Honor and several other medals from France for his efforts in the French Resistance during World War II.
In 1948 Jacques and other expert divers went on an expedition to find the Mahdia, a Roman shipwreck. This was the first expedition involving self-contained diving gear. It was the beginning of underwater archaeology.
In 1953, in an effort to raise financing for his underwater exploration, Jacques published the book The Silent World. It went on to be made into a film.
Jacques became well-known in the media and on TV through books, movies and television shows.
Jacques founded the Cousteau Society in 1973 to bring awareness to the underwater ecosystems.
Jacques began to plea for ocean habitat protection in the 1908s.
After the Calypso, Jacques' exploration vessel, was sunk in 1996, he tried to raise money for a new one.
Jacques died suddenly in 1997 at the age of 87, before building his new vessel.

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