White-footed mouse Facts

White-footed mouse Facts
White-footed mouse is a type of small rodent that can be found across North America. There are 17 subspecies of white-footed mouse that inhabit dry forests, brushlands, semi-deserts, and rural and urban areas. They keep number of insects under control and facilitate dispersion of plant seed and spores of fungi in the wild. Also, they represent important source of food for wild birds and mammals. In rural and urban areas, white-footed mouse are classified as pests because they spread bacterial (Lyme disease) and viral diseases and destroy crops. Wild population of white-footed mice is large and stable.
Interesting White-footed mouse Facts:
White-footed mouse can reach 5.5 to 8 inches in length (including the tail) and 0.5 to 1 ounces of weight.
White-footed mouse is covered with grey, reddish, light or dark brown fur. Abdominal side of the body and feet are covered with white fur (hence the name, "white-footed").
White-footed mouse has large brown eyes, large, hairy ears and long tail (one third of body length).
White-footed mouse is an excellent climber and swimmer. White-footed mouse has good orientation skills. It can easily find way and return back to its territory from a distance of 2 miles
White-footed mouse is nocturnal animal (active during the night).
White-footed mouse is an omnivore (it eats plants and meat). Its diet is based on seed, acorns, grains, berries, fruit, fungi, insects, caterpillars and small mammals and birds.
White-footed mouse uses keen sense of hearing, smell and eyesight to find food and avoid predators.
Main predators of white-footed mouse are hawks, owls, falcons, foxes, bobcats, weasels and snakes.
White-footed mouse is solitary and territorial animal. It occupies territory of 0.5 to 1.5 acres. Burrows of various mammals, abandoned nests of birds and hollow logs are favorite locations for nesting.
White-footed mouse occasionally produces buzzing sound by drumming on the surface of hollow reed or dry leaves using its front paws. This unusual behavior is still a mystery for scientists.
White-footed mouse sleeps during extremely cold periods of the year. It occasionally wakes up to eat food stored near the nest.
Mating season of white-footed mouse depends on the climate. Southern populations reproduce all year round. Northern populations reproduce during the spring and autumn.
Female produces 2 to 4 litters per year. Pregnancy lasts 22 to 28 days and ends with 2 to 9 pups. Babies are naked and blind at birth.
Female takes care of the babies on her own. Young white-footed mice depend on their mother during the first three weeks of their life. After that period, they begin independent life. White-footed mouse reaches sexual maturity at the age of 44 days.
White-footed mouse can survive one year in the wild and 3 years in the captivity.

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