Sun Bear Facts

Sun Bear Facts
Sun bear is the smallest species of bears. This animal lives in Southeast Asia, in Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, India, China, Borneo and Sumatra. Sun bear inhabits tropical rainforests. Exact number of sun bears in the wild is unknown due to their shy nature. However, population of sun bears declined drastically in the last couple of decades due to deforestation (habitat loss) and poaching. Body parts of sun bears are used in traditional Asian medicine. Sun bears are often sold as pets. Farmers kill sun bears to protect their crops. All these factors may result in extinction of sun bears in the wild in the near future.
Interesting Sun Bear Facts:
Sun bear can reach 4 to 5 feet in length and 60 to 150 pounds in weight. Males are slightly larger than females.
Body of sun bear is covered with short, but coarse fur that can be brown, black or grey in color. U-shaped patch of white, yellow or orange fur on the chest looks like the rising sun. That is why these animals are called "sun" bears.
Sun bear has strong and muscular body, small ears, short muzzle and large canine teeth.
Claws of sun bear can reach 18 inches in length. They are used for climbing and digging of food. Long tongue is used for extraction of the termites and honey.
Sun bears live both on the ground and high in the treetops.
Sun bears can be active both during the night and day, depending on the habitat and potential threats.
Sun bear rests during the night high in the treetops. It even builds bed using available vegetations.
Sun bear is an omnivore (eats both plants and animals). Its diet consists of honey, fruit, berries, roots, shoots, insects, eggs, small birds…
Adult sun bears do not have a lot of predators. They are usually preyed by tigers. Young animals are often targeted by wild cats, snakes and birds of prey.
Sun bear is able to bark when it is threatened.
Sun bear is a solitary creature that occasionally roams in couple.
Unlike other bears, sun bears don't hibernate because they live in warm climate with enough food.
Sun bears can mate throughout the whole year. Scientists believe that sun bears are monogamous (one couple mate for a lifetime).
Pregnancy in females lasts around 90 days and ends with one or two cubs. Babies are hairless, blind and they completely depend on their mother. Cubs will learn to walk at the age of two months. After 4th month they will include solid food in the diet and learn basic hunting skills from their mother. At the age of 2 years, sun bears begin independent life.
Sun bears can survive 25 years in the wild and over 30 years in captivity.

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