Common raven Facts

Common raven Facts
Common raven is a bird of prey that belongs to the family Corvidae. There are 8 subspecies of raven that are similar in size and appearance. Ravens can be found all over the northern hemisphere. They inhabit different types of habitats: deciduous and evergreen forests, grasslands, deserts, beaches, tundra, agricultural lands and urban areas. Ravens are regarded as pests in some parts of the world because they attack livestock and steal and destroy cultural properties. Population of ravens is large and stable in the wild and these birds are not on the list of endangered species.
Interesting Common raven Facts:
Ravens can reach 22 to 27.1 inches in length and 24 to 53 ounces of weight. They have wingspan of 46.5 inches.
Ravens are covered with dark black feathers. They have slightly curved black bill that is usually 2.2 to 3.3 inches long.
Ravens are excellent fliers which perform numerous acrobatics in the air (especially during the mating season). They are even able to fly upside-down as much as half of a mile.
Young ravens are playful creatures. They throw sticks and catch them in the midair, tease wild animals and dogs in a game "catch me if you can" and slide down the hills covered with snow during the winter time.
Ravens are omnivores (they eat both plants and animals). Their diet includes various types of berries, grains, carrion, mice, insects, baby tortoises, scorpions…
Ravens have only few natural enemies which often target nests and steal eggs. Main predators include owls, eagles, martens and occasionally large canids.
Ravens are one of the most intelligent birds. They often hunt cooperatively and use various strategies to catch their prey. They also perform different pranks just to entertain themselves.
Young ravens live in groups (called flocks) while adult birds live with their mates.
Ravens produce from 15 to 30 different sounds that are used mostly for communication.
Ravens are able to imitate sound of other birds and even learn to imitate humans.
Breeding couple occupy and defend its territory against other ravens.
Male assists in building of the nest. He collects twigs, branches, mud, wires and wool while female chooses location and uses collected materials to build cup-shaped nest. Nests are usually located on the cliffs, high buildings, bridges, telephone poles and power lines.
Female lays 3 to 7 eggs. Incubation period lasts 20 to 25 days. Chicks are almost completely naked at birth. They depend on their parents during the first couple of months of their life. Ravens reach sexual maturity at the age of 2 to 4 years.
Ravens are mysterious birds that are often associated with death and bad news in mythology. They are known as a symbol of lost love and despair in poems.
Ravens can survive from 10 to 15 years in the wild and over 40 years in captivity.

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