Brown-headed nuthatch Facts

Brown-headed nuthatch Facts
Brown-headed nuthatch is small songbird that belongs to the family of nuthatches. It can be found in the southeastern parts of USA and on Bahamas. Brown-headed nuthatch inhabits mature pine forests. It frequently visits backyards in search for food. Number of brown-headed nuthatches in the wild is decreasing due to habitat loss as a result of accelerated deforestation of coniferous forests. Brown-headed nuthatches are numerous in most parts of their range, except on Bahamas, where they are classified as endangered.
Interesting Brown-headed nuthatch Facts:
Brown-headed nuthatch can reach 3.9 to 4.3 inches in length and 0.4 ounces of weight.
Brown-headed nuthatch has grayish-blue back, wings and tail. It has white face with black eyeline and brown cap on top of the head (hence the name "brown-headed"). Chin, throat, nape and belly are white colored.
Brown-headed nuthatch has large, sharp bill, stocky body, short tail and long wings.
Brown-headed nuthatch has a wingspan of 6.3 to 7.1 inches. It usually flies short distance and has undulating flight.
Brown-headed nuthatch is an omnivore (it eats both plants and meat). Its diet is based on spiders, insects (such as cockroaches and beetles) and pine seed.
Brown-headed nuthatch is very intelligent bird. It uses small pieces of bark as a lever to lift bark on the tree and expose insects hidden below. Brown-headed nuthatch often carries piece of bark from one tree to another and uses it to cover the stash of seed.
Brown-headed nuthatch roosts in the cavities of trees or on the pine branches.
Brown-headed nuthatches are social birds that often gather in large, mixed flocks during the winter.
Group of brown-headed nuthatches is known as "jar". These birds produce song that resembles the sound of rubber ducky.
Mating season of brown-headed nuthatches takes place from February to April. They form monogamous couples (which stay together during the mating season or sometimes for a lifetime) and produce one brood per season.
Brown-headed nuthatches build nest in the cavities of old trees, old woodpeckers holes and nest boxes. Both males and females collect wings of pine seed, bark, moss, feathers, fur and grass for the construction of the nest.
Female lays 3 to 9 white eggs covered with reddish-brown blotches that hatch after 14 days. Only female is responsible for the incubation of eggs. Male provides food for female during this period.
Chicks are helpless at birth, but they grow quickly and become ready to leave the nest at the age of 18 to 19 days.
Immature males (usually from the previous broods) participate in the construction of the nest and in the collecting of food during the period of incubation and rearing of the chicks.
Brown-headed nuthatch can survive around 8 years in the wild.

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