Logical Fallacy Examples

Logical Fallacy

A logical fallacy is a flaw in how an argument is structured. When you draw a conclusion that is based on a flaw in your reasoning, it is called a logical fallacy.

There are several categories of logical fallacy. Here is a list of a few of the more common ones:

Appeal to authority is when one makes the case that the argument must be correct because someone in a position of authority, or an expert, agrees.

Appeal to popular opinion is when one makes the case that the argument must be correct because of the widely accepted belief that it is so.

Attacking the person is when someone does not argue against the points that another person is making, but instead, makes a personal insult against the other person.

False Dichotomy is when someone presents the situation as having only two possible outcomes-when there might be multiple courses of action.

Slippery Slope is when someone argues that a minor action will lead to ludicrous consequences.

Examples of Logical Fallacy:

Well Dr. Jones believes that the full moon makes people act crazy, and who are you to argue with Dr. Jones (appeal to authority).

9 out of 10 Americans support the idea that illegal immigration must be controlled (appeal to popular opinion).

The Senator argues that we should reform the tax code, but he doesn't even pay taxes on half of what he earns! (attacking the person)

If you don't vote for me, it means that you support illegal immigration (false dichotomy).

If we allow the students to choose the theme of the dance, next they will want to choose who the new principal will be! (slippery slope)

Related Links:
Grammar Examples
Fallacy Examples
Ad Hominem Examples