Timeline Description: United States' President James Garfield served his country faithfully through the Civil War, both in the Union Army and U.S. Congress. Not long after his election as President, he was shot and fatally injured.
|November 19, 1831||Birth of James Garfield
James Garfield was born on November 19, 1831 in a log cabin in Moreland Hills, Ohio. He was raised by his mother after his father's death when he was two years old.
|1847||Canal Driver in Cleveland
At 16, Garfield took a job as a canal driver in Cleveland. He had dreams of going to sea.
When he was around 20, Garfield entered the seminary, studying religion, Latin and Greek.
|1856||Began Attending Williams College
Following seminary, Garfield went to Williams College in Massachusetts, eventually becoming a professor there.
|1861||Civil War Service
Garfield volunteered to serve in the Union Army. He was a skilled officer, becoming a general in the Union Army at only 31 years old.
|1862||Nominated for Congress
With the encouragement of President Abraham Lincoln, Garfield left his military career to serve in Congress.
|1863||Returned to War Service
While continuing in Congress, Garfield also served as Chief of Staff in the Army of the Cumberland, an essential position in the Union Army.
|1864||Re-elected to Congress
Garfield was easily re-elected to Congress in 1864. He was considered a good politician, and was well-respected. He continued to serve in Congress until 1880.
While working for the nomination of another candidate, Garfield was surprised to gain the Republican nomination in 1880.
James Garfield won the 1881 election by a narrow margin of only a few thousand votes. He began taking action immediately, but would serve very little of his term.
|July 2, 1881||Garfield Shot
James Garfield was shot by Charles J. Guiteau on July 2, 1881, at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C.. He did not die immediately and was taken to the White House for treatment.
|September 19, 1881||Garfield Died
James Garfield died from injuries sustained in the July 1881 shooting on September 19, 1881.