Timeline Description: Hatshepsut (born 1508 BCE) was born the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose I, and when she came of age, became the first female Pharaoh of Egypt. She was the 5th Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty and ruled for more than 21 years.
|1508 BC||Hatshepsut Born(1508 BCE)
Hatshepsut was born the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmosis I and a concubine, Ahmes. She was raised as a royal princess, and married at age 12 to her half-brother, the Pharaoh Thutmosis II.
|1492 BC||Ruled as Regent(1492 BCE)
Following the death of Thutmosis II, Hatshepsut became regent for his son with a concubine, Thutmosis III. The boy was only an infant at the time of his father's death.
|1485 BC||Began to Be Depicted as Male Pharaoh(1485 BCE)
Around 1485 BCE, depictions of Hatshepsut changed. She was no longer depicted as queen, but rather in the clothing of a male pharaoh.
|1483 BC||Began Temple of Deir El-Bahri(1483 BCE)
Hatshepsut began work on the temple complex at Deir El-Bahri in 1483. She was still, technically, regent, but this was the most significant construction project in Egypt in quite some time, and one of the most beautiful temples remaining in Egypt today.
|1479 BC||Seized Power(1479 BCE)
In 1479 BCE, Hatshepsut fully seized power. While she was not yet fully treated as Pharaoh, she was not functioning as a regent.
|1479 BC||Trip to Punt(1479 to 1458 BCE)
Around the time she took power as pharaoh, Hatshepsut organized a trade visit to Punt. While the exact location of Punt is unknown, it may have been in the area of modern-day Somalia.
|1479 BC||Construction(1479 to 1458 BCE)
Hatshepsut began widespread construction projects, both in her own building campaigns and to repair damage done by the Hyksos prior to her reign.
|1475 BC||Obelisks at Karnak(1475 to 1474 BCE)
Between 1475 and 1474, Hatshepsut raised two great obelisks at Karnak. One of these is the tallest obelisk in Egyptian history.
|1472 BC||Ruled as Pharaoh(1472 BCE)
By 1472 BCE, Hatshepsut ruled as pharaoh. Texts reveal that she was known to be female, but treated as male.
|1470 BC||Thutmosis III Took Power(1470 to 1469 BCE)
Hatshepsut's stepson, Thutmosis, gradually took power beginning around 1470. Hatshepsut quietly retired from public life around this time.
|January 14, 1457 BC||Hatshepsut Died(January 14, 1457 BCE)
Hatshepsut died, most likely from complications of cancer or diabetes, around 1457 BCE.
|1457 BC||Thutmosis Destroyed Evidence of Hatshepsut(1457 to 1425 BCE)
Later in his reign, Thutmosis III destroyed evidence of the female pharaoh. His actions were likely not driven by personal hatred or distaste, but by discomfort with a female ruler.
|1903||Remains of Hatshepsut Located(1903 CE)
In 1903, the archaeologist Howard Carter discovered a number of Egyptian tombs, including the then unidentified mummy of Pharaoh Hatshepsut.
|2006||Remains of Hatshepsut Identified(2006 CE)
Following modern medical studies and careful review of archaeological evidence, the mummy of Pharaoh Hatshepsut was positively identified. She now rests in the Egyptian museum of Cairo.