Plant cells are a type of eukaryotic cell that are found in the organisms within the Plant Kingdom. Eukaryotic cells contain a nucleus. Plant cells differ from other eukaryotic cells because the organelles present are different. Organelles are the major parts of a cell.
The first major difference is that plant cells contain a rigid cell wall around its cell membrane. Other organisms contain cell walls around their cells but plant cell walls contain protein and cellulose. The cell wall provides the cell with protection and gives the plant its shape and structure.
Second, plant cells also contain chlorophyll. Chlorophyll gives plants their green color and allows them to perform photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process plants use to make their own food by using carbon dioxide, water, and sunlight.
Lastly, plant cells contain large central vacuoles. Vacuoles are in some other eukaryotes but are much larger structures in plant cells. Vacuoles serve as a holding space for materials the plant cell may or may not need. These materials may include food, waste, and water.