Norwegian Sea Facts

Norwegian Sea Facts
The Norwegian Sea is located northwest of Norway in the Atlantic Ocean between the Greenland Sea and the North Sea. The Norwegian Sea joins the Barents Sea to the northeast to the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The Norwegian Sea's bottom is mostly not a part continental shelf and is about 6,600 feet deep on average. Its maximum depth is 13,020 feet. There are deposits of natural gas and oil in the Norwegian Sea and because of its higher temperature it is free of ice all year long. It is believed that the Norwegian Sea formed when the North American plate and the Eurasian plate began to separate roughly 250 million years ago.
Interesting Norwegian Sea Facts:
The Norwegian Sea's coasts were formed during the last ice age when glaciers formed fjords, which can be seen at Helgeland and the Lofoten Islands.
The Fram Strait connects the Norwegian Sea to the Arctic Ocean and the Greenland Sea.
The Norwegian Sea contains characteristics of both the boreal and Arctic regions due to its location.
The phytoplankton bloom occurs and peaks in May, with the most common species being diatoms.
The coastal regions of the Norwegian Sea are the most important North Atlantic spawning grounds for herring. The herring population is known to vary greatly and in some cases it is sue to overfishing, while in others it is because of climate.
The Norwegian Sea is home to orca whales, humpback whales, minke whales, and sei whales.
Due to whaling the bowhead whale is almost completely gone from the Norwegian Sea.
Harp seals, squid, and hooded seals can be found in the Norwegian Sea.
Waterfowl found around the Norwegian Sea include guillemot, kittiwake, gulls, auks, cormorants, gannets, fulmars, and puffin.
The Norwegian Sea was once believed to have been the edge of the world, and when ships went missing there were legends created about monsters called kraken that were believed to be responsible.
Fish was once the main product of the Norwegian Sea but it is now the natural gas and oil found under the seafloor that is so sought after.
In the 1800s the Norwegian Sea was an important place for cod fishing as dried cod was one of the most important industries in Norway. Fishing was dangerous due to the sea currents and storms. 300 men died in March, 1821, on a day referred to as Fatal Monday, when roughly 100 boats and their crews perished in the sea.
Environmentally the Norwegian Sea is considered to be in good shape. Human activity has affected it in some ways but in comparison to other seas around the world it has not been nearly as compromised.
Along the Norwegian Sea coastal waters salmon fishing is an important industry. There are great efforts to keep the farmed salmon industry from impacting the sea's ecosystem.
There are coral reef complexes in the Norwegian Sea including the Lophelia coral reefs are higher in this sea than anywhere else in the world. This coral is stony and can be extremely old.


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