Shenandoah National Park Facts

Shenandoah National Park Facts
Shenandoah National Park is a 199,173 acre park located in Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountain region in the United States. The park is bordered by Virginia Piedmont on its east side, and Shenandoah Valley and Shenandoah River on its west side. The park is home to Virginia's oldest rock, dating back one billion years. Shenandoah National Park was established in 1935, and opened to the public in 1936, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, despite having been authorized as a national park in 1926 by President Calvin Coolidge. Almost 40% of Shenandoah National Park is also further designated as a Wilderness Area.
Interesting Shenandoah National Park Facts:
Prior to being designated as a national park, part of Shenandoah National Park's land was farmland. Because of this there are cemeteries found within the park.
After Shenandoah National Park was designated a national park, residents of the area had to move off the land. The exception was for elderly or disabled people. The last resident of the park was Annie Lee Bradley Shank, who died in 1979 at the age of 92.
Shenandoah National Park extends across eight counties including Warren County, Page County, Rockingham County, Augusta County, Rappahannock County, Madison County, Albemarle County, and Greene County.
President Herbert Hoover created his summer retreat of 13 cabins in Shenandoah National Park's Rapidan Camp in 1929.
In the 1930s efforts were made to segregate the park, and the segregation did not end until 1945 when all national parks in the United States were desegregated.
Shenandoah National Park has 236 miles of roads and 516 miles of hiking trails for visitors to explore.
101 miles of the Appalachian Trail are located within Shenandoah National Park's boundaries.
The Blue Ridge Mountains, found in Shenandoah National Park, are believed to be as old as 500 million years old. They are called the Blue Ridge Mountains because of their blue color when viewed at a distance.
Shenandoah National Park is home to Virginia's largest black bear refuge, as well as being home to the densest population of black bears in the United States.
Shenandoah National Park is home to the endangered species, the Shenandoah Salamander. This amphibian is able to breathe through its skin, and can only be found in this national park.
There are at least 50 different mammal species living within Shenandoah National Park including bobcats, black bears, white tailed deer, skunks, chipmunks, coyotes, foxes, opossums, otters, squirrels, raccoons, bats, moles, and shrews.
Shenandoah National Park is home to more 27 reptile species including snakes, lizards, and turtles.
There are more than 200 bird species found in Shenandoah National Park, making it a great bird watching destination.
Oak and hickory trees dominate the forest tree species, but there are also spruce and fir growing in its soil.
Visitors to Shenandoah National Park can enjoy wilderness camping but they are not able to have campfires or leave any evidence of themselves behind.
In 2012 there were more than 1.2 million visitors to Shenandoah National Park. In 1936 there were just over 694,098 visitors.

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