Mochima National Park Facts

Mochima National Park Facts
Mochima National Park is a 94,935 hectare park located in Venezuela's northeast coastal region. The park was created to protect the Turimiquire Range's montane forests and the landscapes of the Caribbean Sea along Venezuela's east coast, but today is one of the country's most threatened parks due to construction projects. Mochima National Park was established in 1973 and is the second marine park in the country. Its boundaries encompass 32 offshore islands, and the whole shoreline from Cumana to Puerto La Cruz.
Interesting Mochima National Park Facts:
Mochima National Park is named after the town named Mochima in Venezuela's states of Anzoategui.
The majority of Mochima National Park is below sea level as it is a marine park first and foremost.
The construction projects that threaten Mochima National Park's landscape and ecology include the highway running between Cumana and Puerto La Cruz, and the natural gas pipeline running parallel to the highway, which is more than 70 meters wide.
The beaches in Mochima National Park are world famous for being some of the most beautiful on earth.
Mochima National Park's El Faro beach contains underwater caves and transparent water and El Saco beach is ideal for those who wish to go snorkeling.
The average temperature at Mochima National Park ranges from 22 to 28 degrees Celsius. The warmer months are November to May and from June to October it is a little bit cooler and much more humid.
Marine mammals that can be found in the waters of Mochima National Park include long-beaked common dolphins, bryde's whales, humpback whales, pilot whales, sperm whales and Guiana dolphins.
Visitors to Mochima National Park can visit Playa Blanca (white sand beach); take a boat ride on Mochima Bay, camp on a beach overnight, hike, swim, snorkel, and view wildlife.
Poor management of Mochima National Park has allowed people to inhabit the park, which adds to the threats to the park's landscape and preservation. There are not many guards monitoring the park and as a result there are many violations, including damage to the property and garbage being left where it shouldn't be.
The biodiversity of Mochima National Park's habitats vary greatly and includes coral reefs, wet forests, mangrove forests, and coastal marine zones.
Mochima National Park is home to four species of endangered sea turtles including the green turtle, loggerhead turtle, hawksbill turtle, and the leatherback turtle.
There are at least 78 species of mammals in Mochima National Park including armadillos, rabbits, foxes, tailed deer, dolphins, whales, and capuchin monkeys.
Mochima National Park is notable as being a place where there are more dolphin sightings than most other places in the world.
Reptiles found in Mochima National Park include lizards, iguanas, and black snakes, and poisonous frogs are also common. At least 15 species of snakes have been identified.
The main threats to Mochima National Park include highway construction, forest fires, tourism (poorly controlled), resource exploitation, low environmental awareness, pollution, the illegal hunting and fishing, agriculture, and problems within the communities and the uncontrolled urbanization within the region.

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