Battle of Fort Donelson Facts

Battle of Fort Donelson Facts
The Battle of Fort Donelson was the end of a very successful campaign through Tennessee. Coming on the heels of taking Fort Henry, the Union was then able to capture Fort Donelson. This was disastrous for the Confederates, who were unable to keep the Union out of Kentucky and Tennessee.
Interesting Battle of Fort Donelson Facts:
The battle took place from February 11 until February 16, 1862.
It occurred at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, along the Cumberland River.
The Union won the battle.
The Confederates had many more casualties than the Union. Nearly 14,000 Confederate soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing, compared to less than 3,000 for the Union.
The Union, under the command of Major General Ulysses S. Grant and Flag Officer Andrew H. Foote, had just taken Fort Henry 10 days earlier.
Grant ordered a flotilla to travel along the Cumberland River and attack Fort Donelson from the east.
On February 15, the Confederates tried to break through the Union perimeter.
The Union was forced to retreat following an attack on its right flank and center.
This gave the Confederates a chance to get away from the Union troops, but Confederate General Gideon Pillow believed that they Confederates could win the battle and chose not to retreat.
Pillow ordered his men to advance on the Union. The Union was no longer in retreat and met the Confederate assault.
Grant maneuvered his troops in position to surround the Confederates, who were backed up against the Cumberland River.
Only about 5,000 Confederates, including legendary Colonel Nathan Bedford Forrest and 500 of his cavalrymen, were able to escape.
Due to their dire predicament, the Confederates asked for terms of surrender. Grant said that only unconditional surrender was acceptable.
Grant earned his nickname "Unconditional Surrender" because of his actions and reply to the Confederates in the Battle of Fort Donelson.
The defeat was devastating to the Confederates, which allowed the Union to enter Kentucky and occupy central Tennessee.

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