Superlatives are used when a speaker or writer is attempting to compare a group of three or more thing. The superlative is used to note which of the things is of the highest quality or degree.
Superlatives are typically formed by adding –est to the end of the adjective or adverb that you are using the compare the items. However, words with multiple syllables sometimes sound strange when you add –est. So, superlatives can also be formed by adding "most" in front of the adjective or adverb. Some superlative forms of adjectives or adverbs are irregular. For example, the superlative form of good is "best."
Marcus is the tallest boy in the class.
This book is the longest one that I have ever read!
Joseph seems to be the most excited child at the party.
This is the best cake I have ever had!
The person with the shortest stick has to go first.
Do you think Lauren will be the fastest runner in the race?
Science is the most boring class that I take at school.
This is the worst day of my life!
Of all of the flavors of ice cream, I think I like pistachio the least.
I am going to buy my mom the prettiest flowers I can find.
Literary Terms Examples