Writers make comparisons when they compare two different things. There are many types of comparisons-metaphor, simile, etc.
Writers use comparisons to compare people, places, things, and ideas that may be unfamiliar to things that are familiar in order to help readers better understand what they are attempting to convey.
Her smile was as bright as the sunshine.
Life is a long and winding road.
The child was a bear when he woke up with a sore throat.
The leaves fell like bright copper coins.
Examples of Comparisons in Literature
From Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet-Juliet is compared to the sun:
"But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks?
It is the east, and Juliet is the sun."
From Shakespeare's As You Like It-Life is compared to a play upon the stage:
"All the world's a stage and men and women merely players.
One man in his time plays many parts."
From Wordsworth's "I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud"-the speaker compares himself to a cloud:
"I wandered lonely as a cloud that floats on high o'er vale and hill."
From Amy Lowell's "Night Clouds"-the clouds are compared to horses:
"The white mares of the moon rush along the sky
Beating their golden hoofs upon the glass Heavens."
Literary Terms Examples