An adjunction is a phrase or clause added to a sentence that is not necessary for the meaning of the sentence, but it provides additional information.
An adjunction is not necessary to the structure or the meaning of the sentence. It can be removed. However, it does provide information that clarifies the action of the sentence.
Typically, adjunct elements function as adverbials-adding information about when, where, why, or how.
1. Dinner will be ready, I am sure, by 6pm.
2. Please turn in your homework right now.
3. The boy ran quickly.
4. Tomorrow, our class is going to the zoo.
5. The bread was cooling on the counter.
6. The children played in the yard.
7. Surprisingly, the cake that Dad baked was good!
Examples of Adjunction in Famous Quotations
1. "I have a dream today." Martin Luther King, Jr.
2. "Four score and seven years ago, our forefathers brought forth on this continent a new nation." Abraham Lincoln
3. "For every man holds in his mortal hands the power to abolish all forms of poverty." John F. Kennedy